An ABC executive recalled, "I remember the creepiness of this woman in this horrible, horrible crash, and David teasing us with the notion that people are chasing her. , This interpretation was similar to what Naomi Watts construed, when she said in an interview, "I thought Diane was the real character and that Betty was the person she wanted to be and had dreamed up. The Christian Science Monitor film critic David Sterritt spoke with Lynch after the film screened at Cannes and wrote that the director "insisted that Mulholland Drive does tell a coherent, comprehensible story", unlike some of Lynch's earlier films like Lost Highway. There's so many wrong sounds and instantly you know it. Lots of people have seen it, which is embarrassing, because they're bad-quality tapes, too. There's no purpose or logic to events. She recalled, "There were a lot of promises, but nothing actually came off.  Although she is portrayed as weak and the ultimate loser, for Jeff Johnson, author of a book about morality in Lynch films, Diane is the only character in the second portion of the film whose moral code remains intact.  Todd McCarthy of Variety found much to praise—"Lynch cranks up the levels of bizarre humor, dramatic incident and genuine mystery with a succession of memorable scenes, some of which rank with his best"—but also noted, "the film jumps off the solid ground of relative narrative coherence into Lynchian fantasyland ... for the final 45 minutes, Lynch is in mind-twisting mode that presents a form of alternate reality with no apparent meaning or logical connection to what came before. '", Critic Gregory Weight cautions viewers against a cynical interpretation of the events in the film, stating that Lynch presents more than "the façade and that he believes only evil and deceit lie beneath it".  Unlike "Sixteen Reasons", however, portions of "I've Told Ev'ry Little Star" are distorted to suggest "a sonic split-identity" for Camilla. As Lee Wallace suggests, by planning a hit against Camilla, "Diane circumvents the heterosexual closure of the industry story but only by going over to its storyworld, an act that proves fatal for both women, the cause and effect relations of the thriller being fundamentally incompatible with the plot of lesbianism as the film presents it". MULHOLLAND DRIVE. , Lynch cast Naomi Watts and Laura Harring by their photographs.  Objections included the nonlinear storyline, the ages of Harring and Watts (whom they considered too old), cigarette smoking by Ann Miller's character and a close-frame shot of dog feces in one scene.  Repeated references to beds, bedrooms and sleeping symbolize the heavy influence of dreams. " In the opening scene of the film, as the dark-haired woman stumbles off Mulholland Drive, silently it suggests she is clumsy.  Ann Miller portrays Coco, the landlady who welcomes Betty to her wonderful new apartment. Rita is the damsel in distress and she's in absolute need of Betty, and Betty controls her as if she were a doll. David Roche notes that Rita's lack of identity causes a breakdown that "occurs not only at the level of the character but also at the level of the image; the shot is subjected to special effects that fragment their image and their voices are drowned out in reverb, the camera seemingly writing out the mental state of the characters". Cô Äi má»t cách vô Äá»nh cho tá»i khi dá»«ng trÆ°á»c má»t ngôi nhà khang trang.  Author Valtteri Kokko has identified three groups of "uncanny metaphors"; the doppelgänger of multiple characters played by the same actors, dreams and an everyday object—primarily the blue box—that initiates Rita's disappearance and Diane's real life. Love for power justifies that everything else is forgotten, be it pride, love or any other consideration. They find Diane Selwyn in the phone book and call her, but she does not answer. And when they are swallowed, when smoke fills the frame as if the sulfur of hell itself were obscuring our vision, we feel as if not just a romance has been broken, but the beauty of the world has been cursed.". Directed by David Lynch. Lynch uses two pop songs from the 1960s directly after one another, playing as two actresses are auditioning by lip synching them. Some film theorists have argued that Lynch inserts queerness in the aesthetic and thematic content of the film. 4 families get together in order to have some fun and create a 5th one in the process. In the dream, Betty is successful, charming, and lives the fantasy life of a soon-to-be-famous actress. She looks exactly like Betty, but is a struggling actress driven into a deep depression by her failed affair with Camilla Rhodes, who is a successful actress and looks exactly like Rita. Lynch showed ABC a rough cut of the pilot. . David works from his subconscious. The Mulholland Drive Company does not publicly disclose the contents of its portfolio or business interests. " However, in another interview Watts stated, "I was amazed how honest and real all this looks on screen. , The filmmaking style of David Lynch has been written about extensively using descriptions like "ultraweird", "dark" and "oddball". In actuality, it is a sound stage where Betty has just arrived to meet Adam Kesher, that the audience realizes as the camera pulls back further. I ran out of money and became quite lonely. "Mulholland Drive" is a movie along those lines, though its filmic palette is broader, its setting (Hollywood and the film industry) more portentous, and its themes plainer.  Naomi Watts, who modeled Betty on Doris Day, Tippi Hedren and Kim Novak, observed that Betty is a thrill-seeker, someone "who finds herself in a world she doesn't belong in and is ready to take on a new identity, even if it's somebody else's". All un-suffixed roads are streets unless otherwise noted. Mulholland Drive (stylized as Mulholland Dr.) is a 2001 surrealist neo-noir mystery film written and directed by David Lynch and starring Naomi Watts, Laura Harring, Justin Theroux, Ann Miller, Mark Pellegrino and Robert Forster. After a car wreck on the winding Mulholland Drive renders a woman amnesiac, she and a perky Hollywood-hopeful search for clues and answers across Los Angeles in a twisting venture beyond dreams and reality.  On the other hand, Justin Theroux said of Lynch's feelings on the multiple meanings people perceive in the film, "I think he's genuinely happy for it to mean anything you want. Production Designer Jack Fisk. The Merriam-Webster dictionary informs us that the word Thriller comes from the word thrill and hence, it refers to a thrilling experience.  Most of the new scenes were filmed in October 2000, funded with $7 million from French production company StudioCanal. One film analyst, Jennifer Hudson, writes of him, "Like most surrealists, Lynch's language of the unexplained is the fluid language of dreams. Witnessed by Diane, Adam is pompous and self-important. The next scene is based on the life of another character, going by the name of Betty Elms, who is an aspiring actress trying to make it in the big city. Dinamai setelah perintis insinyur sipil Los Angeles William Mulholland . Mulholland Dr.) ameriÄki je neo-noir psiholoÅ¡ki triler iz 2001. godine kojeg je napisao i reÅ¾irao David Lynch, a u kojem su glavne uloge ostvarili Justin Theroux, Naomi Watts i Laura Elena Harring.Ovaj nadrealni film bio je izrazito hvaljen od strane kritiÄara. It lost texture, big scenes and storylines, and there are 300 tape copies of the bad version circulating around. The clues are: The dark-haired woman assumes the name "Rita" after seeing the name on a poster. Mulholland Drive is often regarded as one of Lynch's finest works and one of the greatest films of the 21st century, ranking 28th in the 2012 Sight & Sound critics' poll of the best films ever made, and topping a 2016 poll by BBC Culture of the best films since 2000. Mulholland Drive is a street and road in the eastern Santa Monica Mountains of Southern California.It is named after pioneering Los Angeles civil engineer William Mulholland.The western rural portion in Los Angeles and Ventura Counties is named Mulholland Highway.The road is featured in a significant number of movies, songs, and novels. British Academy of Film and Television Arts, "Mulholland Drive (2001) – Box Office Mojo", "David Lynch In Conversation- 34:22–36:07", "Lynch's 'Mulholland Drive' takes us to a hair-raising alternate world", "Nice Film If You Can Get It: Understanding, "Moving Beyond the Dream Theory: A New Approach to 'Mulholland Drive, "The Death of the Subject in David Lynch's, "Film Festival Review: Hollywood, a Funhouse of Fantasy", "Laura Elena Harring Explores the World of David Lynch", "The Naughts: The Romantic Pair of the '00s – IFC", "Naomi Watts interview – Naomi Watts on Mulholland Drive", "Everything you were afraid to ask about 'Mulholland Drive, "Psychological Horror in the Films of David Lynch", "Rebekah Del Rio – The story behind Llorando", "Festival de Cannes – From 15 to 26 may 2012", Mulholland Dr. Movie Review & Film Summary (2001), "Lynch's Hollyweird: 'Mulholland Drive' fantasia shows director's bizarre humor, originality", "Critic's Notebook; Shoving Through the Crowd to Taste Lyrical Nostalgia", "LA critics name Mulholland Drive Film of the Decade", "Best of the Decade #1: Mulholland Drive", "Film Comment's End-of-Decade Critics' Poll", "Best films of the noughties No 3: Mulholland Drive", "Mulholland Drive – Rolling Stone Movies – Lists", "The 25 best arthouse films of all time: the full list", "The 25 best L.A. films of the last 25 years", "The New Classics: The most enduring books, shows, movies, and ideas since 2000", "Mulholland Drive tops BBC Culture greatest film poll", "StudioCanal Collection – Mulholland Drive", "Mulholland Drive StudioCanal Collection UK Blu-ray Review", "StudioCanal Collection – The Elephant Man", "Mulholland Dr. (2001) – The Criterion Collection", "Eraserhead (1997) – The Criterion Collection", "Nominees & Winners for the 74th Academy Awards: Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences", Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, "Chicago Film Critics Awards – 1998–2007", Boston Society of Film Critics Award for Best Film, Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Film, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Film, New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film, Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Picture. Groundwork was laid for story arcs, such as the mystery of Rita's identity, Betty's career and Adam Kesher's film project. , Philosopher and film theorist Robert Sinnerbrink similarly notes that the images following Diane's apparent suicide undermine the "dream and reality" interpretation. ", David Lynch uses various methods of deception in Mulholland Drive.  In 2011, online magazine Slate named Mulholland Drive in its piece on "New Classics" as the most enduring film since 2000. It tells the story of an aspiring actress named Betty Elms (Watts), newly arrived in Los Angeles, who meets and befriends an amnesiac woman (Harring) recovering from a car accident. I think he's the one guy the audience says, 'I'm kind of like you right now. This is supported by visual clues, like particular camera angles making their faces appear to be merging into one. It just took this strange beginning to cause it to be what it is. Very pretty scenic drive through the hills.  Immediately they return to Betty's aunt's apartment where Rita dons a blonde wig—ostensibly to disguise herself—but making her look remarkably like Betty. If he were a first-time director and hadn't demonstrated any command of this method, I'd probably have reservations. Turn right, northward, up the hill. Mulholland Drive is a twisting, turning road that tells a story of the history of Hollywood.  Previously rehearsed with Rita in the apartment, where Rita feeds her lines woodenly, the scene is "dreck" and "hollow; every line unworthy of a genuine actress's commitment", and Betty plays it in rehearsal as poorly as it is written. They define it as âa work of fiction or drama designed to hold the interest by the use of a high degree of intrigue, adventure, or suspenseâ. It's a portrayal of the Hollywood golden dream turning rancid, curdling into a poisonous stew of hatred, envy, sleazy compromise and soul-killing failure", with noting that "this is the underbelly of our glamorous fantasies, and the area Lynch shows here is realistically portrayed". Looking to watch Mulholland Drive? Rita and Betty then gaze at each other in the mirror "drawing attention to their physical similarity, linking the sequence to theme of embrace, physical coupling and the idea of merging or doubling". I've heard over and over, 'This is a movie that I'll see again' or 'This is a movie you've got to see again.'  Watts arrived wearing jeans for the first interview, direct from the airplane from New York City. , Adam Kesher (Justin Theroux) is established in the first portion of the film as a "vaguely arrogant", but apparently successful, director who endures one humiliation after another. Rita's fear, the dead body and the illusion at Club Silencio indicate that something is dark and wrong in Betty and Rita's world.  Originally written by Jerome Kern as a duet, sung by Linda Scott in this rendition by herself, Gans suggests it takes on a homosexual overtone in Mulholland Drive. , Rita (Laura Elena Harring) is the mysterious and helpless apparent victim, a classic femme fatale with her dark, strikingly beautiful appearance. Learn how to create your own. At Camilla's invitation, Diane attends a party at Adam's house on Mulholland Drive. I agreed with ABC that the longer cut was too slow, but I was forced to butcher it because we had a deadline, and there wasn't time to finesse anything. " Heather Love agreed somewhat with Harring's perception when she stated that identity in Mulholland Drive is not as important as desire: "who we are does not count for much—what matters instead is what we are about to do, what we want to do.". The very things that failed him in the bad-boy rockabilly debacle of Lost Highway—the atmosphere of free-floating menace, pointless transmigration of souls, provocatively dropped plot stitches, gimcrack alternate universes—are here brilliantly rehabilitated. , Mulholland Drive has been compared with Billy Wilder's film noir classic Sunset Boulevard (1950), another tale about broken dreams in Hollywood, and early in the film Rita is shown crossing Sunset Boulevard at night. , The Guardian asked six well-known film critics for their own perceptions of the overall meaning in Mulholland Drive. Fan Community investigating the mysteries around David Lynch's masterpiece Mulholland Dr. identities, unreal image of Betty all the while and Rita how she landed up in car etc.  During Adam and Camilla's party, Diane watches Camilla (played by Harring) with Adam on one arm, lean over and deeply kiss the same woman who appeared as Camilla (Melissa George) before the blue box was opened.  With the use of multiple languages and a song to portray such primal emotions, one film analyst states that Lynch exhibits his distrust of intellectual discourse and chooses to make sense through images and sounds. Watts stated that she tried to bluff Lynch by pretending she had the plot figured out, and that he delighted in the cast's frustration. One film analyst asserts that Betty's previously unknown ability steals the show, specifically, taking the dark mystery away from Rita and assigning it to herself, and by Lynch's use of this scene illustrates his use of deception in his characters. 1 Helpful vote. Betty and Rita go to Diane Selwyn's apartment, where a neighbor answers the door and tells them she has switched apartments with Diane. He loves it when people come up with really bizarre interpretations. She is "a decent person corrupted by the miscellaneous miscreants who populate the film industry". " Film theorist Ray Carney notes, "You wouldn't need all the emotional back-flips and narrative trap doors if you had anything to say. But it obviously works for him. I don't want to think about it. Bagian pedesaan barat di Los Angeles dan Ventura Counties bernama Mulholland Highway . , On July 15, 2015, The Criterion Collection announced that it would release Mulholland Drive, newly restored through a 4K digital transfer, on DVD and Blu-ray on October 27, 2015, both of which include new interviews with the film's crew and the 2005 edition of Chris Rodley's book Lynch on Lynch, along with the original trailer and other extras. In becoming free from Camilla, her moral conditioning kills her. " She points out that the film used a classic theme in literature and film depicting lesbian relationships: Camilla as achingly beautiful and available, rejecting Diane for Adam. Watts said of the filming of the scene, "I don't see it as erotic, though maybe it plays that way. You wouldn't need doppelgangers and shadow-figures if your characters had souls. " Badalamenti described a particular technique of sound design applied to the film, by which he would provide Lynch with multiple ten- to twelve-minute tracks at slow tempo, that they called "firewood", from which Lynch "would take fragments and experiment with them resulting in a lot of film's eerie soundscapes.". “Extremely mysterious slow thriller with naomi at her peak in acting. Although such tactics are familiar from Twin Peaks and elsewhere, the sudden switcheroo to head games is disappointing because, up to this point, Lynch had so wonderfully succeeded in creating genuine involvement. At 2 a.m., Rita awakes suddenly, insisting they go right away to a theater called Club Silencio. Furthermore, Lynch would also earn an Academy Award nomination for Best Director. Edleman went back to Paris. The album progresses much like a typical Lynch film, opening with a quick, pleasant Jitterbug and then slowly delving into darker string passages, the twangy guitar sounds of '50s diner music and, finally, the layered, disturbing, often confusing underbelly of the score. Lynch wrote a part for her in the film and used the version she sang for him in Nashville.  Lynch also infused subtle rumblings throughout portions of the film that reviewers noted added unsettling and creepy effects. He stated in an interview, "you look at the image and the scene silent, it's doing the job it's supposed to do, but the work isn't done. Mulholland Drive er en amerikansk spillefilm fra 2001 af den amerikanske filminstruktør David Lynch.Filmen kan karakteriseres som en typisk David Lynch-film i kraft af et uigennemskueligt plot, en urovækkende lydside, unaturlige miljøer og et yderst broget persongalleri.Tilsammen skaber disse virkemidler en stemning, som sidst sås lignende i Lynchs film Lost Highway fra 1997.  For Joshua Bastian Cole, Adam's character serves as Diane's foil, what she can never be, which is why Camilla leaves her. But I did have to reconcile all of that, and people seem to think it works. Gatefold Sleeve. It’s made by Nubiles crew so you can expect very high quality, no dobuts. That’s a good question and we have all the answers! When you start working on the sound, keep working until it feels correct. , In Rolling Stone, Peter Travers observed, "Mulholland Drive makes movies feel alive again. Lynch had baffled me before but this story was so rich and so lean while capturing the tone of the Hollywood that I do wished to have lived in that I kept wanting to learn and to feel more and as the ending approached I felt certain that I was set to get what I desired . That is fiction and reality could have been little more sensible and flow should have been clearer i.e. Injured and in shock, she makes her way down into Los Angeles and sneaks into an apartment. Although she doesnÂ´t die in the accident, she ends up severely injured and in a profound shock. " Michael Wilmington, writing for The Chicago Tribune found "everything in "Mulholland Drive" is a nightmare. Can you hear the title of the film that Adam Kesher is auditioning actresses for? David Lynch sold the idea to ABC executives based only on the story of Rita emerging from the car accident with her purse containing $125,000 in cash and the blue key, and Betty trying to help her figure out who she is. " Philip French from The Observer sees it as an allusion to Hollywood tragedy, while Jane Douglas from the BBC rejects the theory of Betty's life as Diane's dream, but also warns against too much analysis. Ross observes that there are storylines that go nowhere: "Perhaps these were leftovers from the pilot it was originally intended to be, or perhaps these things are the non-sequiturs and subconscious of dreams. In a similar interpretation, Betty and Rita and Diane and Camilla may exist in parallel universes that sometimes interconnect. She is considered to be the reality of the too-good-to-be-true Betty, or a later version of Betty after living too long in Hollywood. Her search for her identity has been interpreted by film scholars as representing the audience's desire to make sense of the film. Betty Elms (Naomi Watts) is the bright and talented newcomer to Los Angeles, described as "wholesome, optimistic, determined to take the town by storm", and "absurdly naïve". Heterosexuality as primary is important in the latter half of the film, as the ultimate demise of Diane and Camilla's relationship springs from the matrimony of the heterosexual couple. She endured some professional frustration before she became successful, auditioned for parts in which she did not believe, and encountered people who did not follow through with opportunities. All n All success”, “The movie is about difference between fiction and reality. Watch young guys having their lucky day with the world’s most popular MILF actresses!  It is the second David Lynch film in this line of Blu-rays after The Elephant Man. Pay particular attention in the beginning of the film: At least two clues are revealed before the credits. " Edward Guthmann of the San Francisco Chronicle called it "exhilarating ... for its dreamlike images and fierce, frequently reckless imagination" and added, "there's a mesmerizing quality to its languid pace, its sense of foreboding and its lost-in-time atmosphere ... it holds us, spellbound and amused, for all of its loony and luscious, exasperating 146 minutes [and] proves that Lynch is in solid form—and still an expert at pricking our nerves". He gave the film the tagline "A love story in the city of dreams"..  This has also led one theorist to conclude that since Betty had naïvely, yet eagerly entered the Hollywood system, she had become a "complicit actor" who had "embraced the very structure that" destroyed her.  Connie Stevens' "Sixteen Reasons" is the song being sung while the camera pans backwards to reveal several illusions, and Linda Scott's version of "I've Told Ev'ry Little Star" is the audition for the first Camilla Rhodes, that film scholar Eric Gans considers a song of empowerment for Betty. Mulholland Drive on rakkaustragedia, trilleri, musta komedia, rikoselokuva ja ajoittain suorastaan lähes sydänkohtauksen aiheuttava kauhufilmi.  Her perkiness and intrepid approach to helping Rita because it is the right thing to do is reminiscent of Nancy Drew for reviewers. For visionary daring, swooning eroticism and colors that pop like a whore's lip gloss, there's nothing like this baby anywhere. Categorized as a psychological thriller, Mulholland Drive earned Lynch the Prix de la mise en scène (Best Director Award) at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival, sharing the prize with Joel Coen for The Man Who Wasn't There. At dinner, Diane states she came to Hollywood from Canada when her Aunt Ruth died and left her some money, and she met Camilla at an audition for The Sylvia North Story. " On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film has a weighted average score of 85 out of 100 based on 35 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". Upon returning to the apartment, Rita retrieves the key and finds that Betty has disappeared. Drive about 3/4 mile to the Nancy Hoover Pohl Overlook, on the right side of the road. Drive west on Hollywood Boulevard, all the way to the end at Laurel Canyon Boulevard.  She serves as the object of desire, directly oppositional to Betty's bright self-assuredness. " In The Washington Post, Desson Howe called it "an extended mood opera, if you want to put an arty label on incoherence". Bulkeley asserts that the lone discussion of dreams in that scene presents an opening to "a new way of understanding everything that happens in the movie". The film was released on VHS and DVD by Universal Studios Home Video on April 9, 2002, in the United States and Canada, with few special features. It is this transformation that one film analyst suggests is the melding of both identities. These girls look really in love and it was curiously erotic.  Harring considered it fateful that she was involved in a minor car accident on the way to the first interview, only to learn her character would also be involved in a car accident in the film. " Watts also had experience with the road before her career was established: "I remember driving along the street many times sobbing my heart out in my car, going, 'What am I doing here? He is the only character whose personality does not seem to change completely from the first part of the film to the second. Soundtrack from David Lynch's motion picture "Mulholland Drive" starring Justin Theroux, Naomi Watts, Laura Elena Harring, Ann Miller and Robert Foster. '" After being stripped of creative control of his film, he is cuckolded by the pool cleaner (played by Billy Ray Cyrus), and thrown out of his own opulent house above Hollywood. Mulholland Drive on vuonna 2001 ensi-iltansa saanut David Lynchin käsikirjoittama ja ohjaama elokuva, jonka pääosissa näyttelevät Naomi Watts, Laura Harring ja Justin Theroux.  The song tragically serenades the lovers Betty and Rita, who sit spellbound and weeping, moments before their relationship disappears and is replaced by Diane and Camilla's dysfunction.  In 2010 it was named the second best arthouse film ever by The Guardian. Elsewhere, director Adam Kesher has his film commandeered by mobsters, who insist he cast an unknown actress named Camilla Rhodes as the lead. Stephen Holden of The New York Times writes, "Mulholland Drive has little to do with any single character's love life or professional ambition. He also portrays Betty as extraordinarily talented and that her abilities are noticed by powerful people in the entertainment industry. Please enable it to continue. Xem thêm : Má»t vài bá» phim háº¡i não nên xem thá» Note the occurrences surrounding the man behind Winkie's. Notice the robe, the ashtray, the coffee cup. Edited by Mary Sweeny. It eventually expanded to its widest release of 247 theaters, ultimately grossing $7,220,243 at the U.S. box office. Although she doesn´t die in the accident, she ends up severely injured and in a profound shock.  Lynch wanted to use Roy Orbison's version of "Crying" in Blue Velvet, but changed his mind when he heard Orbison's "In Dreams".  Todd McGowan writes, "One cannot watch a Lynch film the way one watches a standard Hollywood film noir nor in the way that one watches most radical films.  Having received 40 critics' votes, it is one of only two films from the 21st century to be included in the list, along with 2000's In the Mood for Love.  Maria San Filippo recognizes that Lynch relies on classic film noir archetypes to develop Camilla's eventual betrayal: these archetypes "become ingrained to such a degree that viewers are immediately cued that “Rita” is not what she seems and that it is only a matter of time before she reveals her duplicitous nature. Similar to its competing giant, Google has its own version on Google Play. Please note: this website is intended solely for employees and affiliates of The Mulholland Drive Company, LLC. . ", Originally conceived as a television series, Mulholland Drive began as a 90-minute pilot produced for Touchstone Television and intended for the ABC television network. After Diane shoots herself, the bed is consumed with smoke, and Betty and Rita are shown beaming at each other, after which a woman in the Club Silencio balcony whispers "Silencio" as the screen fades to black. Lynchillä on ollut myös taustavoiminaan vanha tuttu luottohenkilökunta, joista mukana on mm.  Todd McGowan, however, author of a book on themes in Lynch's films, states that the first portion of Mulholland Drive can be construed as Rita's fantasy, until Diane Selwyn is revealed; Betty is the object that overcomes Rita's anxiety about her loss of identity.
Étiquettesaccréditation amendement AMP ANSM antibiotiques ARS Assemblée Nationale baisse de nomenclature baisse nomenclature baisses tarifaires biologie médicale CMP CNAMTS COFRAC conseil constitutionnel convention collective cotation DASRI dengue droit social décret dépistage député députés FSE grève HAS JORF NABM nomenclature ordonnance PEP Plateforme PLFSS presse président SBLE rapport retraite revue de presse risques salaire minima SBLE sénat sénateur technicien